What are these compounds, and what relation do they have to CBD Hemp Flower?
Shopping for Hemp CBD Flower can be confusing, especially when you see words like ‘terpenes’ in product descriptions. What exactly are terpenes, though? And should they matter when you’re buying hemp flower products? The short answer is yes, but to find out the reason why, you'll want to keep reading this article. It's full of everything you need to know about terpenes, as you become a real cannabinoid connoisseur!
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes aren't unique to the hemp plant. Terpenes exist in all plants, and there are over 20,000 different kinds. These are naturally occurring chemical compounds that serve multiple purposes, depending on the plant. You probably don't realize it, but you've already interacted with terpenes countless times in your lifetime.
Terpenes are the metabolites that produce aroma and flavor. For example, terpenes give citrus fruits their signature scents and create the soothing smell of lavender plants. Out of all the different types of terpenes that exist, about 100 are found in the hemp plant. These are responsible for the rich aroma and flavor that people look for in CBD pre rolled joints, hemp flower, and CBD concentrates.
What are Terpenoids?
There is a misconception that terpenoids and terpenes are different, but that’s not true. Terpenoids are basically terpenes after a chemical change happens as the plant goes from raw hemp to dried hemp. Essentially, they are the same thing just at different stages.
What’s the Difference Between Terpenes and Cannabinoids?
Earlier, we mentioned how terpenes give off the aroma and flavor that people want in their cannabinoid products like hemp flower buds, but they do a little more than that. Like cannabinoids, people have found that terpenes enrich their experience when using hemp flower products. The cannabinoids and terpenes work together in what’s known as the entourage effect.
What is the Entourage Effect?
The entourage effect is a term used to describe how each part of the hemp plant works together to give the user a unique experience. The hemp plant not only has over 100 cannabinoids, but it also has many terpenes and flavonoids that all contribute to the entourage effect. If one component was missing, you wouldn't get the same result.
Common Terpenes Found in Hemp Flower
Hemp plants can be grown with certain terpenes to get specific tastes and aromas. Here are some of the most common ones.
A common terpene that naturally occurs in citrus, cloves, mangoes, and hemp. It is the primary terpene in the hemp plant, and gives hemp its characteristic aroma. One 2015 study reviewed Myrcene's interaction with the human body.
Just as the name suggests, this is the terpene that gives many citrus fruits their signature scent. It's also another common terpene in hemp plants. Take a look at this study on Limonene.
This terpene occurs in abundance in pine trees, but it also exists in dill, rosemary, and parsley. Several studies have been done on this terpene, including this recent report that summarizes some interesting points of the pinene terpene.
Linalool is the terpene behind lavender's captivating aroma, but it can also be found in some hemp plants and 200 other plant species. Linalool doesn't just smell nice, though. Researchers are looking at different potentials of this terpenes, and this 2018 study had some intriguing finds.
Humulene has an earthy aroma and flavor, and is present in fair amounts in most hemp plants. It's also a terpene found in hops that make beer. Here's a 2009 study on Humulene worth taking a look at.
Now that you understand terpenes and their role in cannabinoids, you can make more objective decisions when shopping for hemp flower products. Shop our selection today!